How Much Electricity Does a Wine Cooler Use?

How Much Electricity Does a Wine Cooler Use

Wine coolers typically don’t use much electricity. They are among the most efficient household appliances and in most cases consume far less energy than a regular fridge.

However, electricity consumption can be impacted by different variables such as the temperature in the location of the cooler, the overall size of the wine cooler, and whether or not you have installed it properly.

It is recommended that you ensure your cooler is in good working order not only for safety reasons but for cost-control reasons as well. This is where every small detail can add up on the monthly bills and you will need to ensure proper cooler maintenance if you want a good electricity performance.

The good news is if you follow our recommendations and get the best wine cooler to fit your needs, you will find that it will prove to be quite durable and maintenance free. Furthermore, wine coolers can be impacted to a small degree in terms of electricity consumption and it’s worth noting the most frequent issues that could cause the impact.

Average yearly electricity cost

If you have a working wine cooler that is performing at the parameters design by the manufacturer with no faults, you can expect to pay an average of $50 per year.

This is the average of the wine coolers of all sizes, so if you have a mini cooler you will pay less and if you have a commercial-size cooler you will pay more. This will also vary considerably according to the extra features of your cooler. Things like LCD displays can add up to the total yearly cost of electricity.

Top reasons for increased consumption

There are a few reasons which might trigger an increased consumption which can apply to all coolers and it is worth going through the most popular ones and see if they can impact your cooler’s energy consumption. Choosing the best design is thus not enough if you want to see energy saving, especially in the long-term. The factors that influence the consumption include size, climate, location, insulation and the cooling mechanisms.

Size matters

When it comes to electricity consumption, the size of the cooler will have the largest impact. It will prove to be one of the most important characteristics which determines the electricity consumption together with the temperature settings.

Mini coolers which come with a capacity of up to 16 bottles might consume a reduced level of energy every year. It is not unusual to see one of these designs consume around $40 per year worth of electricity. Their small design means they don’t need to cool a large area and they can also disperse heat through the walls rather than with extra coolers.

Large coolers which come with a capacity of up to 170 bottles will obviously require more electricity. But you can usually save money further even with these larger coolers as many of them will come with an advanced customization that will allow you to control the temperature.

Thus, with a minimum of two zones with different temperatures, you will usually be able to vary the temperature from around 44 degrees Fahrenheit and up to 66 degrees Fahrenheit. This also means that you might not need to always keep the wines at the lowest temperature settings.


The climate you use the cooler in will also affect the overall electricity consumption. Thus, the cooler will need more electricity in warmer climates. In cold climates, the overall temperature settings don’t need to be as low or the wine coolers don’t have to work as hard to reach a lower temperature. Thus, it will be in the advantage of users in colder climates to save a small amount on the yearly electricity bills.


The location of the wine cooler in your home will also affect the electricity cost. If you place it in the kitchen where you will be cooking, the overall temperature might be higher than in other rooms of the house. This is where you would see the increased consumption just to get the cooler to perform better each time you open it. It will also work harder to keep the low temperature for a long time.

Poor insulation

In time, you will see that most coolers might develop insulation problems, especially with materials such as rubber or plastic as they will show signs of wear.

This is why it is important to always check the cooler, especially in time. Replacing the rubber sealing is cheap and it can help you keep the overall electricity costs lower. It might also prove to be a helpful tool when it comes to cooling the wines more quickly than with faulty sealing.

Cooling features

Small fridges might eliminate heat through the walls while larger size coolers might disperse heat using condensers and most likely, fans. This is why you will see that the electricity needed to cool larger wine coolers will be significantly larger but at the same time, the heat dispersion process will be more complex.

The same best practices apply to the larger coolers as with the smaller coolers. It will always be worth checking the heat sources around the cooler as it will be to check the rubber sealing which might show signs of wear in time.

A typical wine cooler will not consume much electricity. You should be able to stay within the $140 yearly cost average which recommends the coolers among the most interesting options when it comes to cost-control.

They might even prove to be more efficient when it comes to electricity consumption than your regular fridge because you will also open them less often. It must be said that if the cooler is in good working condition, the electricity cost will not actually increase in time.

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