Different wines, different ways serving, and different temperatures for storing. That might sound straightforward but it is actually confusing, especially for beginners.
For one, there are too many names of wines to think of under the category of red and white and if you do not know the proper temperature to store your different wines, then there is a higher risk of changing the profile, character, and integrity of the wine.
In other words, wines are best served and enjoyed when they are stored at the right temperature. Your expensive wines are enhanced by ensuring that they are stored at the proper temperature for each type.
So, if you love great-tasting wines provide palate adventures for your guests, you should pay attention to the following essential tips. But first, here are a few FAQs.
Recommended temperature: How Cold Should a Wine Cooler Be?
Proper temperature is crucial in bringing out the actual flavors and character of a specific wine. This ensures that the experience is right because the structure, aroma, and other factors contributing to the taste are well-balanced.
It should not be too warm or cold from the recommended temperature, or you will miss out on the genuine taste. You may notice the difference when you sample wine during a wine tasting, and then drink that very same wine at home.
That is why wineries know the exact temperature and conditions that their wines should be stored and then served.
So, what is the Ideal wine temperature?
Generally, red wines should be cooled at a range of 62° F to 68°, while white wines should be at 49° F to 55° F. Of course, that still varies depending on the type. Experts say that the safest range of temperature would be between 45° F to 65° F, which most wine coolers have.
The proper temperature allows the wine to mature properly. Tannin is a substance that comes from the seeds, stems and skins of the grape. Additional tannin can come from the wood during barrel aging. Over time, tannin, which is bitter tasting, will precipitate out of the wine, becoming sediment, while the true flavor of the wine will emerge—if the wine is kept at the proper temperature.
Should wine be chilled?
Most of the time, people want their white wines served chilled and their red wine served at room temperature. Serving temperature is a matter of personal preference. There are wines that are better served chilled.
Before you chill your wines, taste them to know if the aroma and taste will suit you. And one more thing, never chill your wine in a freezer.
Long-term wine storage
Aside from the type of wine, another thing to consider when storing wine is longevity. How long do you intend to store it in your cellar or wine cooler?
If you are a wine collector who plans to store your wine for more than 6 months, then you should store it at 55°F be it in a cellar, wine cooler, or wine refrigerator. 65°F will be too warm and may accelerate the aging process, shortening the wine’s lifespan. On the other hand, 45°F will be too cold and may not help in the natural development of wines.
Short-term wine storage
If you are just buying wines for occasions that are within the 6-month time frame, you can set the wine cooler at the wine’s recommended serving temperature. This allows you to serve the wine at their best quality fresh from the cooler.
How cold should a wine cooler be?
With that, it is essential to know the recommended serving temperatures of different types of wine for short-term wine storage.
- 40°F- 50°F – Light and dry white wines, sparkling
- 50°F-60°F – Full-bodied white wines and light, fruity red wines
- 60°F-65°F – Full-bodied red wines, ports
Specific names and temperatures
- 45°F – Asti, Cava, Champagne, Prosecco, Sparkling
- 47°F – Muscat, Riesling, Rosé,
- 50°F – Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon
- 53°F – Chablis, Chardonnay, Viognier, White Burgundy,
- 55°F – Barbera, Beaujolais, Grenache, Pinot Noir,
- 58°F – Chianti, Red Burgundy, Zinfandel
- 62°F – Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Merlot
- 65°F – Bordeaux, Shiraz, Syrah
When white wine is served too cold, its flavor and aroma will be muted. When they are too warm, the wine will become flabby.
When red wine is served too cold, it will be excessively tannic and acidic. When they are too warm, they will become alcoholic and lifeless.
Knowing the recommended serving temperatures of each wine as well as the intended longevity of your wine storage lets you understand how cold should a wine cooler be. This knowledge helps keep your wine in premium quality, allowing you to enjoy them better.